R 179；G 444
〔摘 要〕 目的：调查钦州市初中学生的心理健康状况，为教育部门开展初中学生心理健康干预提供科学依据。 方法：2022 年 1 月至 2022 年 12 月，以钦州市教育中等水平的第五中学初中二、三年级的全体在校学生作为调查对象开展问卷调查。 共发放调查表 1523 份，收回调查表 1523 份，回收率为 100.00 %；获得有效调查表 1505 份，有效率为 98.82 %。其中初中 二年级学生 662 份，初中三年级学生 843 份。 结果：在有效的 1505 份调查表中，情绪不良检出率为 17.94 %。其中在情绪 不良中检出率较高的前三位分别为对人焦虑（17.01 %）、身体症状（16.48 %）和过敏倾向（15.95 %）；初中二年级与初 中三年级学生情绪不良检出率分别为 19.49 % 和 16.73 %，差异无统计学意义（P ＞ 0.05）。男生与女生情绪不良检出率 分别为 13.37 % 和 23.03 %，女生高于男生，差异具有统计学意义（P ＜ 0.001）。 结论：钦州市第五中学初中二、三年级 学生的心理健康整体状况比较乐观，但还是存在一定比例情绪不良情况，社会、学校、家庭都应给予足够的关注。
〔Abstract〕 Objective To investigate the mental health status of junior middle school students in Qinzhou, and to provide a scientific basis for the education department to carry out mental health intervention for junior middle school students. Methods The selected time period was from January 2022 to December 2022. The objects of research were all the second year and third year students of Qinzhou No.5 Middle School. A total of 1523 questionnaires were distributed and 1523 questionnaires were returned for an overall response rate of 100.00 %. 1505 valid questionnaires were got, with an effective rate of 98.82 %. Among them, there are 662 students in the second year of middle school and 843 students in the third year of middle school. Results The prevalence of emotional distress in the study with the valid 1505 questionnaires was obtained as 17.94 %. The prevalence of anxiety was the highest (17.01 %), compared to that of physical symptoms (16.48 %) and that of allergic tendencies (15.95 %). The prevalence of emotional distress of the second year and the third year students were 19.49 % and 16.73 %, respectively, with no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). The prevalence of emotional distress of the girls (23.03 %) was higher than that of the boys (13.37 %) respectively, and the difference between girls and boys was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion The overall mental health status of the second and third grade students in Qinzhou No.5 Middle School is optimistic, but there are still a certain proportion of emotional distress, which should be which should be given sufficient attention by society, schools, and families.